Thursday, May 17, 2012

hak asasi manusia =D

esok saya exam human rights. xtau dah nak study mcm mana, so saya nak merapu dgn taip balek kat sini. pattnya ada 30 article tp saya belajaq smpai article 23 saja ^^
x mau baca pon xpa, ni saya saja ja nak hilangkan tension sbb x larat nak hafal semua =.="

Article 1
all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. they are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedom set forth in this declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status.

Article 3
everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 4
no one shall be held in slavery or servitude, slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5
no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6
everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7
all are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. all are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8
everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by constitution or by law.

Article 9
no one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile

Article 10
everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

Article 11
(1) everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
(2) no one shall be held guilty of any penal on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed.

Article 12
no one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13
(1) everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
(2) everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and return to his country.

Article 14
(1) everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
(2) this right may not be invoked in the case of prosecution genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15
(1) everyone has the right to a nationality.
(2) no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

Article 16
(1) men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. they are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
(2) marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
(3) the family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the state.

Article 17
(1) everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
(2) no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18
everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion  or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19
everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 20
(1) everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
(2) no one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21
(1) everyone has the right to take part in government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
(2) everyone has the right to equal access to public service in his country.
(3) the will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of the government, this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 22
everyone, as a member of society has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each state, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 23
(1) everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
(2) everyone, without without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
(3) everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
(4) everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

sumber rujukan :)

*fuhhh. penat jugak nak menaip semua ni. haha. ok bai. saya nak tidoq. doakan saya dan kawan2 dpt jwb exam ni dgn tenang :)